10 common signs of menopause

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Do you have questions about menopause or women’s health?

Menopause is a natural biological process. Even though menopause ends fertility and can cause a myriad of symptoms like hot flashes, disrupted sleep, loss of energy, anxiety, or feelings of sadness and loss—there are ways for women to stay healthy, vital, and sexual.

What is menopause?

Once your period has officially stopped, the estrogen levels in your body will gradually decline, and you'll no longer produce another female hormone called progesterone. Such hormonal changes may intensify the hot flashes, mood swings, or other symptoms you may have been experiencing during perimenopause, or they may trigger symptoms you have yet to experience.

Symptoms of menopause may include:

1. Absence of period for 12 months

2. Hot flashes

3. Night sweats, difficulty sleeping

4. Cognitive changes (difficulty remembering names, directions, losing focus or train of thought)

5. Vaginal dryness

6. Vaginal/vulvar itching

7. Generalized itching

8. Bone loss (osteoporosis)

9. Urinary incontinence

10. Bone loss (approximately 20 percent of bone mass can be lost in the first five years of menopause)

If you experience these symptoms, and they bother you, make an appointment with your provider to talk about treatment options that will help your specific symptoms.

What are some treatments for menopause symptoms?

  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Estrogen cream for vaginal dryness
  • Medications to treat hot flashes or osteoporosis
  • Kegel exercises and pelvic floor physical therapy for urinary incontinence.


Is hormone replacement therapy safe?

A common question is whether hormone therapy is safe and whether it can cause cancer. Hormone replacement therapy can increase the risk of estrogen-dependent cancer, but it may have some cardiovascular benefits. It's important to see your provider so they can conduct a thorough history and help determine your risk and whether estrogen is safe for you. Your provider can also help you evaluate the various treatment options that are available for your specific menopause symptoms.

Do you have other questions about menopause or women's health? On Tuesday, April 9, KUTV and Intermountain Healthcare will broadcast live from the new Intermountain Layton Hospital for Ask The Expert. Intermountain Healthcare caregivers will provide tips and suggestions on women's health and managing menopause on KUTV channel 2 throughout the day. If you have questions, a panel of experts will answer your phone calls from noon to 5:30 p.m. at 801-543-6960. You can also submit questions via Facebook and Twitter using #kutvasktheexpert.

For more information visit intermountainhealthcare.org/asktheexpert.

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